Top 5 Largest Sugarcane Producing States in India

At present India has acquired the place of the second highest place as the producer of sugarcane in the whole world. As the utility of sugarcane experiences much versatility, demand for the product is increasing fast. As usage for the byproducts such as Jaggery, molasses or ever papers are on the rise, Sugarcane is becoming the favorite products for many industrial progresses. Here we will be talking about sugarcane agriculture as well as the states in India that produces maximum amount of Sugarcane.

India’s top 5 states generate an incredible quantity of sugarcane. Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, and Maharashtra produce 80% of Indian sugarcane. Exploring India’s top sugarcane states’ agricultural insights:

List of Highest Sugarcane Producing States in India


1. Uttar Pradesh:

Annual Production: 177.43 million tons

Northern India’s Uttar Pradesh produces sugarcane too. The state serves India’s sugarcane needs due to its great agro-climatic conditions and long history of cultivating it. In last year (2023) it provided the maximum amount of sugarcane also.

Perfect Agro-Climatic Conditions:Uttar Pradesh’s sugarcane thrives thanks to its climate. The state’s fertile plains and water support sugarcane. State agriculture benefits from the Ganges.Uttar Pradesh has always grown sugarcane. Sugarcane producers in the state have honed their harvesting techniques for generations. History makes Uttar Pradesh a major sugarcane producer.

2. Maharashtra:

Annual Production: 113.37 million tons

Maharashtra is the second highest sugarcane producer in India. It produces 113.37 million tons of sugarcane yearly, proving its agricultural strength. Sugarcane grows well in Maharashtra. High heat and humidity suit the crop in the state’s tropical and subtropical climate. These conditions support sugarcane year-round.

New agricultural methods:Modern agriculture helped Maharashtra develop sugarcane. Farmers in the state use crop rotation, precision irrigation, and high-yielding sugarcane. This commitment to agricultural technology innovation sustains sugarcane output. Maharashtra’s sugarcane prosperity depends on its dedicated, skilled farmers. Their generations-old wisdom improves sugarcane productivity. No doubt that the state is having a great attention due to their best sugarcane production.

3. Karnataka:

Annual Production: 56.45 million tons

India’s sugarcane growing has expanded to Karnataka in the south. Strategic location and suitable agricultural policy make Karnataka a sugarcane powerhouse.

Strategic location: Karnataka’s southern Indian location benefits sugarcane growing. In the tropical condition, heat and humidity benefit the crop. This optimizes sugarcane growth and yields.

Supportive agriculture Policies: Karnataka’s agriculture policies and initiatives demonstrate devotion. The state helps farmers grow sugarcane by providing resources and expertise. These policies simplify sugarcane cultivation and put Karnataka on top.

4. Tamil Nadu

Annual Production: 14.53 million tons

Southern India’s Tamil Nadu grows sugarcane. The fourth-most sugarcane producer leads in production per hectare. This uncommon combination of quantity and quality demonstrates the state’s sugarcane competence. Tamil Nadu produces 14.53 million tons (MT) of sugarcane annually. With 99 tons of sugarcane per acre, the state ranks out. The state’s favorable agro-climatic conditions, meticulous cultivation, and committed farmers produce this.Several factors make Tamil Nadu’s sugarcane farming profitable. The state’s mild, wet climate encourages sugarcane growing. This allows the crop to flourish year-round.Sugarcane production in Tamil Nadu is optimized. Modern farmers use precise irrigation, crop rotation, and high-yielding sugarcane. The state’s agricultural research and development has extended best practices to assist farmers flourish.

5. Bihar

Annual Production: 13.94 million tons

Rich Bihar plains cultivate sugarcane. Due to its great agro-climatic conditions and strong agricultural culture, Bihar produces a lot of sugarcane and jaggery.Many aspects of Bihar’s production depend on sugarcane farming. Patna is Bihar’s political, cultural, and sugarcane capital. Its location on the Ganges’ lush plains makes sugarcane growing excellent. Darbhanga is another northern Bihar sugarcane district. Rich agricultural legacy and good soil boost the region’s agriculture industry.The central Bihar town of Gaya is rich in agriculture. This district farms sugarcane to a great extent. Sugarcane has traditionally been grown in Champaran, Bihar’s northwest. Sugarcane production is high due to its fertile land and dedicated agricultural community.

FAQs on India’s Largest Sugarcane Producing States

Q. What are the main factors influencing sugarcane production in these states?

Ans: Labor expenses, drought stress, lack of capital, and high transaction costs restrict sugarcane output, according to studies. Variable input costs impact smallholder sugarcane productivity, according to several survey data.

Q. How has government policy affected sugarcane production in these states?

Ans: Several government programs have improved sugarcane output. Farmers’ needs are met by many public chemical fertilizer facilities. Large water reservoirs for sugarcane cultivation have cost a lot of money.

Q. What are the challenges faced by sugarcane farmers in these states?

Ans: High sugarcane prices, poor technology, uneconomic production, and excessive excise tax raise manufacturing costs.


As you already know now, India’s leading sugarcane grower was Uttar Pradesh in 2022-23. The state produced an eye popping 177.43 lakh tons of sugarcane approx. The weather in Uttar Pradesh is perfect for such agricultural initiatives.In India, 60% of the whole population is engaged in one or the other form of agriculture. Sugarcane happens to be a major Kharif crop among these agricultural products. Thanks to the right atmosphere, the agriculture is expected to boom all the more in the coming years.


Sumit Kumar Yadav has experience analyzing business and finance of big to small companies. Loan, Insurance, Investment data analysis are his key areas.