Top 5 Largest Coal Producing States In India

Of all the energy resources in India, Coal has captured a very important part. For powering different parts of the industry, in form of electricity to medicines and tars, coals have become a major player. The coal reserves in India are one of the largest ones in the whole world as well. Here we will brief you about 5 largest coal producing states in India for the year 2024. These states have made Indian coal production output thriving.

List of Highest Coal Producing States In India


1. Chhattisgarh – The Coal Powerhouse

Annual Production: 158.409 million tons

Chhattisgarh is India’s largest coal producer due to its huge coal reserves. Asia’s largest Korba coalfields and other mines are in this state. SECL, a Coal India Limited subsidiary, operates northern and central Chhattisgarh coal mines.Chhattisgarh produces most coal because to its location and transportation. This state’s extensive railway and road network connects coal deposits to power plants and industrial complexes globally, making coal transportation efficient. Yes, India relies on Chhattisgarh coal. Coal-fired power facilities strategically placed around the state are vital to national energy output. This industrial behemoth and millions of citizens get steady power from them. Surely, as India’s leading coal producer, Chhattisgarh exhibits its energy diversification. The state’s energy security duty extends beyond numbers. Chhattisgarh’s massive coal resources, efficient logistics, and consistent commitment to India’s energy demands make it a power generating model.

Also See: Coal India Net Worth, CEO, Founder, Head Office, History

2. Odisha – A Significant Contributor

Annual Production: 154.150 million tons

Orissa, known as the “Mineral Hub of India,” is the second-largest coal producer in India. This honor recognizes the state’s significant coal deposits, particularly in Talcher and the Ib Valley. Mahanadi Coalfields Limited (MCL), a subsidiary of Coal India Limited, manages Odisha’s coal output.The coal mines of Odisha have shaped India’s industrial growth. This mineral-rich state has constantly supplied coal to vital industries that drive the nation’s prosperity. Odisha supports energy generation, steel factories, and other critical sectors.In Odisha’s coal crown, Talcher Coalfields shine. These coalfields are vital to India’s energy supply due to their high-quality thermal coal. Electricity from their production lights homes and powers industries.

Odisha’s status as the second-largest coal producer highlights its importance in India’s self-reliance and growth. In addition to its geography, Odisha is a resilient and resourceful state that contributes to energy security and industrial prosperity. Its substantial coal deposits and smart management by Mahanadi Coalfields Limited demonstrate how Indian states continue to address the country’s growing energy demands while promoting economic growth.

3. Madhya Pradesh – Rich in Resources

Annual Production: 132.531 million tons

Madhya Pradesh, in central India, produces coal too. The Singrauli coalfield, bordering Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, has most of the state’s coal. Many major coal mines and coal-fired power units are in Singrauli, a crucial energy hub.Northern Coalfields Limited (NCL), a prominent Coal India subsidiary, oversees Madhya Pradesh’s coal production. Organizational synergy maximizes state coal extraction and allocation.

Madhya Pradesh’s coal mines fulfill the nation’s vast energy demands. This mine supplies coal to Indian power plants, guaranteeing a constant supply line. State powers rural locations and preserves electricity.Coal generation in Madhya Pradesh helps India’s energy self-sufficiency. Strategic location and Northern Coalfields Limited support industrial growth and energy reliability. Madhya Pradesh wants to exploit coal resources for India’s economic development and energy security.

4. Jharkhand – Abundant Reserves

Annual Production: 119.296 million tons

Jharkhand, the “Land of Forests,” produces India’s fourth-most coal. Damodar Valley coal resources are very famous in the state. Many industrial and energy producing facilities use thermal and coking coal from this region.CCL and Bharat Coking Coal Limited oversee Jharkhand’s coal production for Coal India Limited. These entities oversee state-wide coal extraction, processing, and delivery.

The coal-rich Damodar Valley has supplied coal for decades. Its vast coal resources have helped steel, energy, and other sectors. The region’s coal powers furnaces and turbines, allowing steel, energy, and other industries.Coal mines in Jharkhand prioritize energy security and industry survival. They provide most of the nation’s electrical and industrial needs beyond the state. The coal supply system for Indian power plants and companies relies on these mines.

5. Telangana – Emerging Player in Coal Production

Annual Production: 52.603 million tons

Telangana, India’s youngest state, has produced a lot of coal lately. It has quickly become a big coal producer. The state and federal governments of Telangana own theSingareni Collieries Company Limited (SCCL), which produces coal. SCCL is the state’s principal coal miner and distributor.

New mines and coal exploration have increased Telangana’s coal production. This surge indicates the state’s desire to harness its coal reserves and secure India’s energy.Power generation requires thermal coal, which Telangana has largely. Power stations generate power from thermal coal. It supplies stable energy to households, companies, and other sectors.


Q. What are the present issues of coal production in India?

Ans: Coal evacuation infrastructure nationwide is not up to the mark even today. There was 82% of the normative coal supply for 17 pithead coal-based facilities on December 1, 2023.

Q. How long will coal reserves in India last?

Ans: India has 111.5 times its annual consumption in proved reserves. At current consumption levels and ignoring untested deposits, it possesses 111 years of coal.

Q. How old is the coal found in India?

Ans: Two geological eras produced Indian coal. Over 200 million years ago, Gondwana coal formed. It is aged 55 million years, tertiary sediments. The Damodar valley (West Bengal-Jharkhand) area mines generate maximum quantity of Gondwana coal.


Most of the industries in India are dependable on the coal production in India. Even when the search for renewable energy is on the motion, coal productions are still the major energy provider. The top 5 states offer the maximum supply, keeping the demand and supply chain balanced all around the country. They are the hearts of the industrial energy supply till now.


Sumit Kumar Yadav has experience analyzing business and finance of big to small companies. Loan, Insurance, Investment data analysis are his key areas.