Top 10 Leading Monopoly Companies in India

Different types of market structures operate in the economy, such as monopoly, monopolistic competition, oligopoly, and perfect competition. While some are theoretical, others are practical. Let’s focus on Monopoly. It’s not always beneficial, yet prevalent in many sectors in India. However, not all monopolies exploit their position; some contribute positively to the country and public welfare. This discussion on monopoly underscores the significance of examining companies dominating their sectors. Hence, we present a list of the top 10 leading monopoly companies in India.

What is a Monopoly?

Before we talk about the top companies that have a monopoly, let’s understand what a monopoly is. A monopoly happens when there’s no competition. This means one person or company is the only one selling something. Monopsony is when one buyer controls a market. Oligopoly and duopoly are when a few sellers rule a market. Monopolies don’t have competition, so they can set high prices and make big profits. Monopolizing is when a company controls prices or keeps others out. In economics, monopoly means one seller. In law, it’s a powerful company that can charge too much, hurting society. Size doesn’t matter; even a small business can be a monopoly if it controls prices in its industry.

List of Top Monopoly Companies in India

1. Reliance Industries Limited


Reliance Industries is the biggest private company in India. It operates in oil refining, petrochemicals, gas, retail, and textiles, with sales exceeding $60 billion. It’s a key part of the Reliance Group, a major conglomerate in India alongside Tata and Birla. Ambani, the company’s owner, dominates various sectors such as telecom, oil, petrochemicals, and retail, exerting significant influence on markets and policies. This not only attracted numerous customers but also marginalized competitors, placing them in a secondary position.

2. Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL)

Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) is a company in India that makes planes and defense equipment. The government of India owns it. HAL is important for India’s defense. It’s the main company for making defense stuff in India. HAL makes planes, helicopters, and other things for the military and for regular use. It also fixes and takes care of planes. HAL sells its stuff to the Indian Air Force, Indian Army, and others. It’s the only company like this because of security and government rules.

3. Asian Paints Ltd

Since it began in 1942, the company has grown a lot. Now, they control much of the market, almost like a monopoly. In only 25 years, Asian Paints became India’s top paints company. Recently, they agreed to buy 51% of Weatherseal Fenestration. Asian Paints focuses on consumers and new ideas. They make many types of paints for homes and businesses. They also sell wall coverings, waterproofing, glues, and services. Additionally, they sell products for home improvement, like for bathrooms, kitchens, lights, furniture, and furnishings. They also bought 49% of Obgenix Software, also called White Teak, which sells fancy lights and fans.

4. IndiGo

IndiGo is India’s largest and most popular airline. It’s also one of the world’s fastest-growing airlines. How did IndiGo become so big? It’s because they offer cheap prices, operate very well, and truly care about their passengers. People like them because they are punctual and have happy customers. IndiGo wants to keep growing by flying to more places around the world and becoming a major global airline, starting from being a small local one.

5. IRCTC (Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation)


IRCTC began on September 27, 1999, owned by the Indian government and linked to Indian Railways. It sells tickets, food, and travel services. It dominates railway catering and ticket booking, acting like a monopoly. In 2019, it entered the stock market with the government owning 67%. By December 2023, it had 66 million users, booking around 7.31 lakh tickets daily.

6. Deepak Nitrite Ltd

Deepak Nitrite has been a top company in the Indian chemical industry since 1970. They provide products for many industries and 56 different uses. Their products are high quality and known worldwide. They are important suppliers for many industries, which helps them stay ahead. Most of their money comes from selling basic chemicals. Some of their products include Sodium Nitrite, Nitro Toluidines, and Phenol. Their products are used in many industries like colorants, petrochemicals, and pharmaceuticals. They make money mostly in India.

7. Computer Age Management Services (CAMS)

CAMS has been providing financial technology and services to Mutual Funds and other financial institutions for more than 25 years. It is the leading Registrar and Transfer Agency for the Indian Mutual Fund industry, handling around 69% of the average assets under management as of June 2023. Whether you’re an investor or just observing the market, CAMS impresses with its dominance, delivering top-notch services and forming smart partnerships. Additionally, CAMS offers technology-driven services to Alternatives and Insurance Companies, reaching customers through various channels like service centers, call centers, online platforms, mobile apps, and chatbots.

8. Syngene International

Syngene International is a big company that helps make medicines, foods for animals, and other stuff. It’s famous in the medicine and biology world. It’s not like other companies because it’s the only one doing what it does in a special way. People who understand it know that it’s important because it plays a unique role in a complicated and heavily controlled industry.

9. Balkrishna Industries

Balkrishna Industries Limited (BKT) is an Indian company that makes tires. It’s in Mumbai, India. They’re known for making good tires that are new and meet what customers want. They make tires for special jobs like mining, farming, and gardening. They have factories in five places: Aurangabad, Bhiwadi, Chopanki, Dombivali, and Bhuj. In 2013, they were the 41st biggest tire company in the world. BKT also sponsors sports events. They sell their tires to big companies like JCB, John Deere, and CNH Industrial. In 2014, BKT had 8% of the world market for special tires.

10. ZF Commercial Vehicle Control Systems India

In India, ZF is a top provider of technology solutions and services that influence how people move around. They’ve been working in India for over sixty years. What makes them stand out? It’s their products—they cover safety, efficiency, and connectivity all in one. India is a key market for ZF, and they have strong plans for growth there. ZF has many important divisions and units in India serving both automotive and non-automotive sectors.


So, now you should understand more about the “top 10 leading monopoly companies in India.” When a company becomes a monopoly, it means it’s the only one selling a certain product. This can be good for the company because people always need that product, so they can make a lot of money. Monopolies can also charge different prices to different groups of people. But being a monopoly has downsides too. Without competition, the company might not work efficiently. And charging different prices can be bad for customers.

Sumit Kumar Yadav has experience analyzing business and finance of big to small companies. Loan, Insurance, Investment data analysis are his key areas.